Joy Human Development Centre / Zambia Youth Sport Academy
The Zambian homeless team is organised by Joy Human Development Centre, founded in 2003. JHD work with marginalised youth suffering from homelessness, poverty, and substance abuse. They combat AIDS/HIV, malaria, substance abuse, and poverty, and utilise sports activities and games as a tool to reach young people in deprived areas.
JHD organise community-based activities to provide education on HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases, and substance abuse. Their ambition is to start a street football league for social inclusion in Lukasa, Zambia’s capital city.
According to UNICEF, 74.5% of people live below the poverty line. More than 30% of children under the age of 15 are orphans, mainly because of AIDS (SOS Children’s Villages). According to UNICEF, 14.3% of the population is HIV positive.
An additional challenge is rapid urbanisation which has resulted in very high rural-urban migration without a corresponding effort to provide appropriate housing in the expanding urban regions (UN Habitat, 2008).
Due to rapid urbanisation and poverty, Zambia is facing a serious shortage of housing. About 80% of houses are informal and have inadequate access to basic services (UN Habitat, 2008). About half a million young children live on the streets (SOS Children’s Villages).
In 2014, floods left around 20,000 people homeless (Floodlist, 2014).