Haz Tu Casa
Haz Tu Casa (Make Your Home) is a Venezuelan non-profit organisation for the development of social housing, registered with the Autonomous Service for Intellectual Property. They run the programme Fútbol Social (Social Football) that disseminates street football activities across the country.
Liga de Fútbol Calle (Street Football League) – their main project – facilitates integration between homeless people and the non-homeless population and raises funds for Futbol Social. Participation is free for homeless people, whereas those who are not homeless pay a small fee.
According to the National Institute of Statistics (INE) 90% of Venezuelans live in poverty, a rate exacerbated by failed economic policies and a plunge in global oil prices.Undergoing a period of hyperinflation, IMF economists predict that the country’s inflation rate will exceed 1,000,000% by 2019 (The Guardian, 2019).
Venezuelans reported losing on average 11 kilograms in body weight between 2016-2017, according to a report on living conditions in Venezuela (ENCOVI). More than 60% of those surveyed said that during the previous three months, they had woken up hungry because they did not have enough money to buy food. A quarter of the population was eating two or fewer meals a day (Reuters, 2018).
The devastating economic crisis has seen 3.4 million Venezuelans leaving the country since 2014 when the crisis began – one of the largest cases of forced displacement in the western hemisphere. The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) and the UN migration agency (IOM) issued statements based on data from national immigration authorities and other sources, showing that, on average, in 2018, 5,000 people left Venezuela every day in search of protection or a better life. Most of them – 2.7 million – are hosted in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. Currently, Colombia hosts the highest number of Venezuelan refugees and migrants, with over 1.1 million. It is followed by Peru, with 506,000, Chile 288,000, Ecuador 221,000, Argentina 130,000, and Brazil 96,000. Mexico and other countries in Central America and the Caribbean are also hosting significant numbers of refugees and migrants from Venezuela. (UN, 2019)