The Big Issue Japan
The Big Issue Japan Foundation is a part of the international “The Big Issue Network,” an international network of street papers. They run various outreach programmes for homeless people across the country through which participants can enjoy and have fun with other people facing similar situations. These activities include football, contemporary dance, music, walking, writing, and others. Their Homeless World Cup team, called Nobushi, has been very active in the humanitarian activities after the big 2011 earthquake in Japan.
Official Japanese government data shows the number of homeless people to be at 4,977, but non-profits state the actual number could be twice or three times as much (Japan Times, 2018). From 2016-2017 there were 1,412 people sleeping on the streets of Tokyo alone (ARCH, 2017).
The Tokyo government released a survey in 2018 stating the number of “internet café refugees” to be at 4,000 (Japan Times, 2018).
146,000 people were displaced due to natural disasters in 2018 (Internal Displacement, 2018).