BASE – BURKINA ACTION SOLIDAIRE ET D’ENTRAIDE
BASE is an NGO with three main focus areas: child development and education, economic development, and peace-building. They take care of street children and youth in order to contribute to their social and professional integration. While they provide a variety of services for their participants, they also use football as an exit strategy for youth experiencing homelessness, substance abuse, and other social difficulties
Burkina Faso is one of the countries with the lowest Human Development Index in the world (UNDP, 2018). Around 44.6% of the population live below the national poverty level, on less than US$1.25 a day.
Living in a landlocked country, climate change, landscape degradation and slow economic development makes the country’s population particularly vulnerable to economic shocks, which limit vulnerable people’s access to food, as well as housing.
Chronic malnutrition affects 21.2% of children aged 6-59 months. Access to sanitation and electricity is poor, while insufficient investment in education and infrastructure make any development gains hard to maintain. (World Food Programme, 2018).
According to the results of the Cadre Harmonisé, (November 2018), some 307,000 people are currently experiencing food crisis. Based on projections, 3.7 million people spread across all regions in Burkina Faso will be under food stress and 676,200 are at risk of food crisis from June 2019. (World Food Programme 2018)
The influx of refugees due to the the conflict in northern Mali, the 2011 drought, together with the poor agricultural campaigns of 2011 and 2012, caused a food and nutrition crisis that affected more than 2.8 million people in Burkina Faso.
Tens of thousands of Malian refugees are still in the Sahel.
The food and nutrition crisis affecting the Sahelian countries in 2018 has caused new acute needs, requiring an intensification of the response. In Burkina Faso, 790,000 people needed assistance.
In 2018, the security and humanitarian situation further deteriorated as a result of increasingly serious armed attacks in the Sahel, the North, and East regions. From January to December 2018, 223 security incidents were recorded.
The unprecedented crisis has already forced thousands of people to flee violence, shut down schools and deprive children of an education. In February 2019, the humanitarian community appealed for $100 million in order to assist 900,000 people. (UNOCHA.ORG, 2019)